Did You Know Court Forms are a Funny Topic?

I read, and got permission to post, this hysterical article from the Austin Lawyer.

Entre Nous  —  Family Form Foes Fight Fiercely

By Claude Ducloux, Hill, Ducloux, Carnes & de la Garza

As a board-certified bar groupie who, by virtue of some mental defect, has spent enough hours on committees, task forces, panels, boards, and commissions to qualify for a DSM-IV mental illness classification, I have seen legal trends come and go, wheels re-invented, lawyers concerned and outraged, and passion change to ennui almost overnight. A board of directors which attaches urgency to one issue will later abandon it when a member or two of the board rolls off. What is always amazing to me is the inevitable feeling, once the storm has passed, of wonder of what the big fuss was about. Perhaps I’m jaded, because the storm is here, but I’m already getting that, “jeez… get over it” feeling. But if you are sensitive to this issue, stop reading now, because I like you, and of course, my opinions do not reflect yours, and therefore, I am wrong. Clearly wrong. You’d be stupid to keep reading.

In case your practice blessedly keeps you out of family law (mine does not), there has been a growing percentage of people who can’t afford to hire lawyers for divorces, not only in Texas, but all over the country. Many states have provided standard forms authored by bar associations which allow simple divorces to be filed pro se, and the judges have appreciated these useful tools. Thus, a task force to develop our divorce form was created through the Texas Access to Justice Commission. Well. There was less excitement and panic aboard the Titanic when it hit the iceberg 100 years ago than has been generated in the wake of the threat to promulgate these ill-conceived forms. The destruction caused by the panty-wadding alone caused Fruit of the Loom stock to shoot up ten points.

First, a bit of background:

Unquestionably, those of us who have broad civil practices have seen the cost of legal services rise outside the management of large portions of the population. We need to be devising ways to deliver legal services more cheaply, efficiently, and more quickly. Because I practice in multiple counties, I have suffered often through dockets with pro se litigants, and thus, I have long been a proponent of standardized forms, blessed by the Courts, as a way to streamline review and make legal services accessible to those without means. In Travis County, we are told that 50% of the divorces are pro se. And that’s in a county with the most lawyers per capita in Texas. Because of this, Travis County has a lawyer to assist these folks complete the process. But in other counties, I have heard judges simply say, “I can’t grant this divorce, because this decree form is incorrect.” When the petitioner asks why, the Judge correctly instructs that he or she cannot give legal advice, and they need to consult a lawyer. No help is available, and no reasons are given. All too often, the local bar wants it that way: “Don’t you dare help out, because you’re taking business away from me.” Really? I assume that income stream supplements your niche in estate planning for panhandlers.

This year, there have been several contentious meetings during which the stakeholders stated their concerns over this tempestuous conflict. In fairness, I went online, and have read well over 100 pages of reports, opinions, letters, charts, and arguments. While I risk being dismissive in trying to characterize the panoply of comments, here goes: The comments went from extremely intelligent and thoughtful (they have errors; who will update them? you cannot ever create a one-size-fits-all form), to the “how dare they let people do their own legal work!” A sampling includes:

– It is Orwellian to allow pro se access to the courts. (huh?)

– You’re heading us toward a collective legal system. (i.e. A system devoid of thought or concern; like being in the Tea Party).

– Hey, the courts aren’t overwhelmed by divorces. (No, just by indigents who need them).

– True access to justice begins and ends with expert legal help. (Thus proving this lawyer has never been to a pro bono clinic, or even to a typical family law docket.)

– There is nothing that prevents rich people from using these forms. (Yes, and nothing prevents them from taking out their own tonsils. I doubt they will.)

Other commentators brought up certain legal mistakes in the pro se forms. In fairness, most of these “mistakes” were simply the result of “dumbed-down” instructions, which failed to instruct the user on nuances of the law. For example, an instruction advising that “if neither party lives in this county, you shouldn’t file here” was challenged as flawed. Technically correct, and yet overwhelmingly irrelevant in 99.9% of the cases. Most of the objections were, in fact, technically correct, but I’m still convinced, as Jerry Frank Jones stated in his letter to the task force: The sky is NOT falling. These forms will undoubtedly help judges statewide. Every trial judge still has the right and duty to say to the litigant, “You didn’t do this right [or ]can’t use these forms in your case. Get help.”

Finally, one commentator summed up the sub rosa patina of threat which these forms pose to the rights of family lawyers to make a livelihood. “That,” proclaimed the messenger, “is NOT the rightful goal of the Access to Justice Commission.” And you Probate lawyers: what are you lookin’ at? You’re next! (cue the scary music). Mercy. Since I believe that our mission as lawyers is to provide folks access to justice and solutions as quickly and economically as possible, losing business doesn’t worry me.

But I can envision other professions having the same reaction. I’m sure that chefs who had a monopoly on cooking would oppose any cookbook instructing non-professionals how to make food:

CHEF:            Senator, I am here on behalf of the Professional Chefs of Texas, protesting the publication of the State Recipe book.

SENATOR:            Huh? Why?

CHEF:            The danger, sir. You’re inviting people to use knives, sharp things! Ever see what happens when you misuse a zester? Not even to mention heat. We estimate 100,000 kitchen accidents the first year. You want that on your conscience? And the recipes are flawed.

SENATOR:            What’s wrong with the recipes?

CHEF:                        Look at the meatloaf recipe on page 39.

SENATOR:            Okay… what’s wrong with it?

CHEF:                        Where’s the cumin?

SENATOR:            Next witness, please.

Okay, let’s admit it. Clearly, people will make mistakes using pro se forms, and family law is complicated, especially when children are involved. But no one suggested that we will slow down the rate of these filings, absent barring pro se’s from the Courthouse. Our collective failure to provide assistance and solutions will be remembered as a low point in our profession. And this is, after all, America. By that I mean, someone will come up with the solution which works.

You can help, or you can get out of Legal Zoom’s way.

Keep the faith.

Reprinted with permission from the Austin Bar Association. Claude Ducloux is a Board certified attorney in Austin, Texas. He has practiced law for more than 30 years and writes a quarterly humor column for the Austin Lawyer, the monthly publication of the Austin Bar Association.


About richardzorza

I am deeply involved in access to justice and the patient voice movement.
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1 Response to Did You Know Court Forms are a Funny Topic?

  1. Concerned in Texas says:

    I work in the legal field, I am not a lawyer. I absolutely believe that standardized forms should be available for SIMPLE uncontested family law matters. Such as divorces with no children and no property. The problem with the current forms, is that they are being used for cases for which they were not intended, such as parties with significant retirements, pensions, etc. The forms, in their current state, only provide a box to check to divide retirement to one party or the other, i.e. __ Husband awarded his retirement ___ Wife awarded her retirement. As we are all aware, it is quite probably that either the husband and/or the wife is entitled to a portion of the other parties retirement, but how are they to know that if the “State Approved Forms” aren’t designed to advise them of their legal rights to community property. I was recently asked to help my ex-husband fill out the Divorce Decree that is currently handed out at our local courthouse. He is reasonably well educated and was unable to understand some portions of the Decree and was having real difficulty with the “custody” provisions due to some pretty unusual circumstances. Since I’m not a lawyer I could not give him legal advice (which he desperately needed). I tried to explain in simple terms what the forms were asking but finally convinced him to see a lawyer. Not everyone is going to have the benefit of someone in the legal field to help them. I think the first page of any of these forms should be along the line of a series of questions to determine if using the forms is appropriate. Do you have retirement (because are we also explaining the labyrinth that is QDRO’s), if your answer is yes, you may not use this form. We also need to provide a cost effective way of providing at least minimal legal help to help with the “not as simple as you think it is” divorce, while providing a way for those giving such help some protection from our litigious society (when people use the forms incorrectly anyway). There are many more problems with the forms as they currently exist. The retirement issue was just the easiest for me to put into words. Yes lets have standardized pro se forms, but lets make sure they are the right forms for the right people.

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